Our friends at FB Heron recently published a summary of how they arrived at their current ESG (Environment, Social and Governance) investment process. It should be interesting for anyone who is trying to bring ESG factors into their own framework.
Six years ago when Heron declared its intention to invest 100% of its assets for mission, they needed to find new ways to track and visualize the portfolio as it changed over time.
As is true for many foundations, FB Heron invests both directly and via outside managers. The article starts with a four box screening system that sought to remove “bad” companies and portfolios and focus investment on “good” ones. We then see that there is a broad distribution of good and bad performance—even after this type of screening.
The largest segment of their endowment is invested in publicly traded companies, so it was extremely important to find a data partner that had social performance data on that universe. Heron works with a few data providers to do so, including CSRHub, oekom, and others.
Heron uses CSRHub’s percentile rankings to help keep comparisons consistent and account for inherent differences across industries. The 0%-100% score can be applied to all of their corporate holdings.
Heron uses the CSRHub scores of the commonly associated benchmarks (like the S&P 500). The weighted average helps them get a sense of how much of the fund was allocated to higher scoring companies, relative to the benchmark.
Heron has attempted to convert their scoring into a -5 to +5 scale. For now, the percentile scores are scaled so the average enterprise (50th percentile) receives a score of 0. They believe this scale is overly simplistic — however view it as a step in the right direction. Heron has achieved “relative” goodness—a distribution that is markedly superior to that of the market. But, it continues to struggle with “outliers.”
Please see the FB Heron piece for their thought leadership in forming their evolving portfolio.
Bahar Gidwani has built and run large technology-based businesses for many years. Bahar holds a CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) and was one of the first people to receive the FSA (Fundamentals of Sustainability Accounting) designation from SASB. Bahar worked on Wall Street with Kidder, Peabody, and with McKinsey & Co. He has founded several technology-based companies and is a co-founder of CSRHub, the world’s broadest source of corporate social responsibility information. He has an MBA from Harvard Business School and an undergraduate degree in physics and astronomy. He plays bridge, races sailboats, and is based in New York City.
CSRHub provides access to the world’s largest corporate social responsibility and sustainability ratings and information. It covers over 18,400+ companies from 135 industries in 133 countries. By aggregating and normalizing the information from 550 data sources, CSRHub has created a broad, consistent rating system and a searchable database that links millions of rating elements back to their source. Managers, researchers, API partners and activists use CSRHub to benchmark company performance, learn how stakeholders evaluate company CSR practices, and seek ways to improve corporate sustainability performance.